Colours

It’s the beauty of blending colours that creates a harmonious composition that makes the Delam collection so enchanting. Natural dyes made from natural materials, vegetable, plant or animal bases (bark, nutshells, berries and occasionally insects) produce the most luminous, warm and somber shades.

It’s clear to see the difference between the luster and sheen of a naturally dyed wool to the dull uniform colour that is produced through the use of chemical dyes. All of our beautiful colours originate from plants, fruits and roots found in Shiraz.

Fire Colours

The crushed roots of madder; a climbing plant that grows wild over much of the East produces shades of red. The roots contain three colouring matters; alizarin and purpurin which are both red and xanthin which is yellow. The pulp of pomegranates gives a ruby tint and saffron a beautiful warm tone is created. Turmeric, sumac, weld and the fruit of Persian buck-thorns are used for shades of yellow.

Madder Red
Anar Red
Saffron Red
Coral Red
Sumac Red
Black Cherry
Tumeric Orange
Lut Orange
Peach Orange
Camel

Heart Colours

The stunning shades of pinks and purples in our Heart Chakra colours are created using rhubarb flowers and a short exposure to the madder root water.

Rose Pink
Rivas Purple
Yas Pink
Violet Red

Life Colours

There are few single sources of a good natural green dye. Our luscious greens are created by soaking the yarn in blue dye (from the indigo plant) and then in a second dye bath of yellow. Henna leaves and lusern grass are used to create lighter pastel and olive greens.

Vine Green
Chenar Green
Pistac Green
Lime Green

Water Colours

This is the most valued colour of all and derives from the soaking and fermentation of the indigo plant. The indigo colour is between blue and violet. Our stunning colours are achieved by both the number of times the yarn is immersed in the dye vat as well as the length of dyeing time.

Indigo Blue
Caspian Blue
Asman Blue
Turquoise

Earth Colours

Our Earth colours range from light shades of beige to darker and richer shades of browns. These are created from the water used to soak barley, tea herbs like the chamomile flowers, walnut husks, bark and even the skins of the pomegranate fruit.

Zagros Beige
Tappeh Beige
Sand Beige
Bronze

Shadow Colours

Logwood is a thorny tree and its bark is used to create natural black and grey colours. The bark is boiled and the sap obtained from it is transformed into powder or crystallised form. For obtaining purest black colour, Iranian dyers use a mixture of a logwood and Esparak.

Silver
Desert Grey
Alborz Grey
Meshki Black

Cashmere Dyeing Process

There is more to the process than just mixing dye with boiling water. Each plant has its own special properties and the knowledgeable dyer skilfully prepares the yarn accordingly. The dyers craft is an ancient one passed down through the generations from mother to daughter, father to son. It's traditions and secrets are highly regarded.

The dyeing process starts with the preparation of the colour. Sometimes curds or sour milk is mixed into the dye to achieve lighter colours, the colour is then diluted in a large basin. The quantity of water varies based on the desired shade. The cashmere is then placed in boiling water and after being heated for the desired amount of time the cashmere is allowed to cool in the dye. The final stage in the dyeing process is to make the colour fast.

Once the cashmere is ready, it is immersed in cold water to rinse any excess colouring and finally laid out in the sun to dry. Variations in colour, streaked or uneven shading known as abrash or changes in the dye lot due to the quality of water or texture of cashmere add to the charm and life of each piece.